भारत से निर्यात, वर्ष 2009-10
Major products produced in India by organic farming
Commodity : Tea, Coffee, Rice, Wheat
Spices : Cardamom, Black pepper, white pepper, Ginger, Turmeric,Tarn rind, Clove, Chili.
Pulses : Red gram, Black gram
Fruits : Mango, Banana, Pine apple, Sugarcane, Orange, Cashew nut.
Vegetable : Okra, Brinjal, Garlic, Onion, Tomato, Potato .
Oilseeds : Mustard, Sesame, Castor, Sunflower,
Others : Cotton, Herbal extracts.
India’s Share in World Production & Export (2004)
Leading Exports of Agricultural Products (2004)
Hindrances of Export Promotion
1.Poor Transport and Port Facilities
Adequately and timely availability of transport facilities in the form of railway wagons & shipping space is responsible.
2.Protectionist Policies of Other Countries
Many countries have imposed non-discriminatory protection policies like quotas, monopoly practices.
3.Opportunities not Exploited
International markets never remain stable but are subjected to Continual changes in tastes, fashions, technology.
In some of export commodities the competition from other suppliers is so great that Indian exporters final it difficult to sell a desired quantity.
Infra – Structural set-up for Export Promotion
1.Central Advisory Council on Trade
Advise the Government on matters relating to:
Export & import policy & programmes.
The operation of import & export controls.
Organisation and development of commercial services.
2. The Zonal Export-Import Advisory Committee
Problems faced by exporters such as :
Import licensing and clearance
Port trust and shipping problems
New Delhi Mumbai Calcutta Madras
3.Export- Promotion Councils
To undertake surveys of foreign markets.
publicity work to promote exports
information about opportunities for export through their bulletins.
to undertake research programmes to find out better and new uses of the commodities.
5.The Development Councils
internal combustion engines for power driven pumps.
light electrical s
drugs and pharmaceuticals
6.Directorate of Export Promotion
implementing Government Policies formulated.
7.The Trade Development Authority
8.Indian Institute of Foreign Trade
Training of personnel in modern techniques of international trade.
9.Indian Institute of Packaging
Research on raw materials
To organize consultancy services for industry.
10.Indian Council of Arbitration
Settlement of commercial disputes
administrative assistance in the conduct of arbitration cases.
The minimum export performance for the grant of Export House Certificate (E.H.C.) should be Rs. ————–crore.
12.The Export Inspection Council
Controlling all activities of compulsory quality control & pre-shipment
13.The Indian Standards Institution (ISI )
The standers formulated by ISI are made use of by various public & private sector organizations.
Some 600-700 standards are produced every year.
14.Export Processing Zones
Santa Cruz Electronics
15.Appointment of Trade Representatives Abroad
For developing the exports of the Indian Goods, trade representative in almost all the important trading centers of the world.