भारत से निर्यात, वर्ष 2009-10


Major products produced in India by organic farming

Ecologically_grown_vegetables -


Commodity :   Tea, Coffee, Rice, Wheat

Spices         :   Cardamom, Black pepper, white pepper,  Ginger, Turmeric,Tarn rind,  Clove, Chili.

Pulses         :    Red gram, Black gram

Fruits          :    Mango, Banana, Pine apple, Sugarcane, Orange, Cashew nut.

Vegetable   :    Okra,  Brinjal,  Garlic, Onion, Tomato, Potato .

Oilseeds     :     Mustard, Sesame, Castor, Sunflower,

Others        :     Cotton,   Herbal extracts.






India’s Share in World Production & Export (2004)



Leading Exports of Agricultural Products (2004)


Hindrances of Export Promotion

1.Poor Transport and Port Facilities

Adequately and timely availability of transport facilities in the form of railway wagons & shipping space is responsible.

2.Protectionist Policies of Other Countries

Many countries have imposed non-discriminatory protection policies like quotas, monopoly practices.

3.Opportunities not Exploited

International markets never remain stable but are subjected to Continual changes in tastes, fashions, technology.

4.Foreign Competition

In some of export commodities the competition from other suppliers is so great that Indian exporters final it difficult to sell a desired quantity.

Infra – Structural set-up for Export Promotion

1.Central Advisory Council on Trade

Advise the Government on matters relating to:

Export & import policy & programmes.

The operation of import & export controls.

Organisation and development of commercial services.

2. The Zonal Export-Import Advisory Committee

Problems faced by exporters such as :

Import licensing and clearance

drawback payment

pre-shipment inspection

export incentives

Port trust and shipping problems


Zonal Committee

New Delhi         Mumbai       Calcutta             Madras

3.Export- Promotion Councils

To undertake surveys of foreign markets.

publicity work to promote exports

information about opportunities for export through their bulletins.

to undertake research programmes to find out better and new uses of the commodities.

4.Commodity Boards.

Tean Board

Coffee Board

Cardamom Board


Silk Board

Handicrafts Board

Handloom Board


5.The Development Councils

Inorganic Chemicals

internal combustion engines for power driven pumps.

instruments, bicycles


light electrical s

heavy electrical

drugs and pharmaceuticals

woolen textiles

art silk

machine tolls.

6.Directorate of Export Promotion

implementing Government Policies formulated.

7.The Trade Development Authority

8.Indian Institute of Foreign Trade

Training of personnel in modern techniques of international trade.

Organizing research

9.Indian Institute of Packaging

Research on raw materials

To organize consultancy services for industry.

10.Indian Council of Arbitration

Settlement of commercial disputes

administrative assistance in the conduct of arbitration cases.

11.Export Houses

The minimum export performance for the grant of Export House Certificate (E.H.C.) should be Rs. ————–crore.

12.The Export Inspection Council

Controlling all activities of compulsory quality control & pre-shipment



13.The Indian Standards Institution (ISI )

The standers formulated by ISI are made use of by various public & private sector organizations.

Some 600-700 standards are produced every year.

14.Export Processing Zones


Santa Cruz Electronics

15.Appointment of Trade Representatives Abroad

For developing the exports of the Indian Goods, trade representative in almost all the important trading centers of the world.

Dr. BhagChandra Jain is renowned author & famous scientist in field of Agriculture. Awarded by Central & State government ,Mr. Bhag is author of more than 1700+ articles published in various international journals,magazines & books.

Currently ,Dr. Jain is working as Professor in Indira Gandhi Agricultural University .